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The oldest human settlement in Iran | Qal-e Kord Cave

Hamed Vahdati-Nasab, who led the excavations, said: “The third season of joint excavations by Iranian and French teams – which were carried out in cooperation with Gilles Brillon, professor at the Museum of Anthropology in Paris – has completed with remarkable cultural achievements.

Vahdati-Nasab highlighted the age of the layers in this excavation season, saying: “In this season, the results of the dating of the cultural materials of the cage, which had been sent to a laboratory of the Museum of Anthropology in Paris , show three settlements 160,000 210,000 and more than 400,000 existed in Qal-e Kord Cave, making it the oldest archaeological site in Iran.

“In addition to the results of archaeological dating, the discovery of tools, with chipping traditions older than the Middle Paleolithic era, indicates the presence of species other than humans – with the exception of the ancient intelligent man and Neanderthals – in this region,” he added.

The archaeologist said the main achievement of the second season of excavations in Qal-e Kord Cave was the discovery of teeth belonging to Neanderthal children dating back 155,000 years.

“The latest finds and the tools discovered in the cave show that the cave served as a colony for other humans who lived before the Neanderthal era, such as Heidelberg man or other species of upright people,” Vahdati-Nasab said.

So far, two types of extinct prehistoric horses, deer, brown bear and rhinoceros, have been among the animal species discovered in the region.

The Qal-e Kord cave in the city of Avaj, in the northwestern province of Qazvin - the oldest human settlement

Discovery of the remains of a cave hyena at the oldest archaeological site in Iran

The excavation supervisor added that the lower jaw of modern humans and the upper part of the skull of an extinct hyena, called the cave hyena, which existed on earth between 11,000 and 500,000 years ago, were among the other finds. in excavations and were brought from Iran for the first time.

The discovered materials were handed over to the Qazvin Museum for maintenance and preservation.

The Qal-e Kord cave in the city of Avaj, in the northwestern province of Qazvin - the oldest human settlement

Qal-e Kord cave, one of the oldest human settlements in Iran

According to the local cultural heritage department of Qazvin (Wikipedia), Qal-e Kord Cave is 20 kilometers from the Kharaqan Towers in the village of Hesar in Avaj County.

After crossing the mouth of the cave and descending a 15-meter shaft, a hall of more than 1,000 square meters appears, which houses marvelous stalactites and stalagmites.

The cave is one of the oldest areas of human habitation in Iran, which is quite unique in terms of the wealth of archaeological finds and human remains discovered in modern times.

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