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How is Sun Tzu theory of warfare and strategy applicable to contemporary warfare today?

The Russian Army Games fact sheet, publicly distributed at the centralized information office, documented an increase in annual purchases of military equipment by foreign customers, including African countries. Our monitoring and research shows that Russia has traditionally had good relations with North African countries, especially Algeria and Egypt.

Moreover, the Central African Republic (CAR) and the Republic of Mali are its privileged partners after having signed bilateral military-technical cooperation agreements. In Africa, the relations of many French-speaking countries have recently become tense with France due to multiple factors, in particular the rupture between Russia and France. There are several indications that Russia has now embarked on the fight against neo-colonial tendencies in Africa.

Russia has been keen to offer military support, including selling advanced weapons and military technology to countries it sees as allies in Africa, and further afield in Asia and Latin America. During this year’s Military Games held in Kubinka, on the outskirts of Moscow, Russian Defense Ministry officials held separate talks with a number of participating African countries on building their defense capabilities within the framework of military-technical cooperation.

According to sources, about ten African countries including Algeria, Congo, Egypt, Nigeria, Sudan and Zimbabwe took part in the Military Games. The Republic of Mali and the Central African Republic, where several hundred military instructors from the Russian private military company Wagner Group were stationed, took part in the Army Games.

Brigadier General Mike Nicholas Sango, Zimbabwe’s Ambassador to the Russian Federation, told me during the discussions that “Russia’s policy towards Zimbabwe has evolved in recent years in a positive way. The Government of Zimbabwe’s engagement with the Russian Federation is historically rooted in the new state’s contribution to securing Zimbabwe’s freedom and citizenship in 1980.”

According to him, the President of the Republic of Zimbabwe, Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa, visited Moscow in 2019. Since then, there have been reciprocal visits by ministers and parliamentarians. At the beginning of June 2022, the President of the Federal Council, Valentina Matviyenko, visited Zimbabwe. The Zimbabwean Army has participated in the Army Games over the years and the Army Games in mid-August 2022.

Russian Deputy Defense Minister Alexander Fomin met with Sudanese Defense Minister Yassin Ibrahim to discuss the issue of strengthening security in Africa. According to an official report, the Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, Colonel General Alexander Fomin, on August 17 held a working meeting with the Minister of Defense of the Republic of Sudan, Lieutenant General Yassin Ibrahim .

He added that Russia is committed to continuing its cooperation with Sudan to strengthen security in Africa. The sides exchanged views on the development of Russian-Sudanese military and military-technical cooperation. The Sudanese minister reiterated the commitment of the senior leadership of the Republic of Sudan to develop cooperation with the Russian Federation in the military field. “We highly appreciate the role of the Russian Federation in maintaining peace and security in the world,” said Yassin Ibrahim.

Russia would also help strengthen the army and improve the effectiveness of its fight against illegal armed groups in the French Republic of Mali in West Africa. As expected, Fomin noted in separate talks with the Malian Minister of Defense and Veterans Affairs, Colonel Sadio Camara, the importance of Russian-Malian cooperation and confirmed the readiness of the Russian Ministry of Defense to continue constructive dialogue within the framework of the signed agreement on military-technical cooperation.

In addition to the above, Russia has teamed up with Algeria and hopes to step up arms sales to the North African country, Russian Armed Forces Chief of Staff told his counterpart Algerian visiting the Army Games. “We are committed to injecting new energy into our bilateral relations in the fields of military and technical cooperation,” General Yuri Baluyevsky told Algerian General Salah Gaid, according to local news agencies.

Gaid, a Russian-speaker trained in the Soviet Union, was greeted by the management of Rosoboronexport, the company that oversees most arms exports from Russia, as well as business leaders from the arms industry. In addition to the $1.5 billion purchase of 50 Russian MiG 29 jets, currently under negotiation, the two countries could soon sign arms contracts worth around $500 million, the official said. Interfax news agency quoting a Defense Ministry source.

The source said oil-rich Algeria, which currently accounts for 3% of Russian arms exports, is considering acquiring fighter jets, ships and land-based weapons. Algeria, which had close ties with the former Soviet Union, continued to buy weapons from Russia after the fall of communism in 1991. Recent contracts between the two countries involved the sale of 22 Su planes. -24 Fencer, Kh-35 anti-ship cruise missiles, transport helicopters and maintenance services for Coast Guard vessels, according to Interfax.

President Vladimir Putin has explained that Russia is ready to distribute advanced weapons around the world, especially in Africa, Asia and Latin America. “Russia sincerely cherishes the strong, friendly and genuinely trusting historical ties with the states of Latin America, Asia and Africa and is ready to offer its partners and allies the most modern types of weapons,” he said. said Putin at the opening of the army. International Military-Technical Forum 2022 outside Moscow.

“From small arms to armored vehicles and artillery, to fighter jets and unmanned aerial vehicles,” Putin said, adding that “almost all” of the weapons he is willing to sell around the world have been used more than once in combat and claimed that the Russian-made products are superior to those made by its foreign rivals.

“Many of them are years or even decades ahead of their foreign counterparts, and in terms of tactical and technical characteristics they are significantly superior to them,” Putin reiterated. His speech is available on the Kremlin’s website.

Russia ranks second only to the United States with arms sales of around $15 billion a year, almost a fifth of the global export market. From 2017 to 2021, 73% of those sales went to just four countries – India, China, Egypt and Algeria – according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.

The documents signed at the games cover a wide range of issues, including the supply and maintenance of modern ground military equipment, drones, radio-electronic and melee weapons. Several financial arrangements have also been concluded to provide funding for the development and production of samples of modern military equipment. Orders from Asian and African and CIS countries have become part of Rostec’s order portfolio.

Arguably, Dr. Shaabani Nzori, a Moscow-based foreign policy expert, thinks Russia’s military-technical cooperation with African countries is appropriate in Russia’s foreign policy, but African leaders should also allocate enough money to spend on priority development projects in Africa.

“During these years, Russia has given high priority to the military sphere in Africa. This clearly shows Russia’s weak trade engagement with Africa. So far, we cannot cite completed Russian infrastructure projects in Africa. There are many areas of investment. What is important these days is that Russia must go beyond the mere sale of arms to Africa! Yet Russia has the opportunity to transfer its technology to agriculture and industries in Africa,” Shaabani said in the interview.

Our monitoring and research shows that African countries are interested in military-technical cooperation. Our monitoring further indicates that traditional importers of Russian arms from Africa include Algeria, Angola, Burkina Faso, Botswana, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Libya, Morocco , Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Sudan, South Africa, Uganda and Zimbabwe. Russia is still considering the possibility of concluding agreements with a few other African countries.

“This proves once again that interest in our developments is growing. There are more and more negotiations regarding military-technical cooperation every year, and we are actively working with our major customers. This year, we held meetings with Russian and foreign partners on the platform and signed agreements,” said Sergey Abramov, Industrial Director of Rostec Corporation.

According to Russia’s military strategy, the main objective is to ensure that Russia has a technological advantage in highly competitive global markets. And this also includes the introduction of a new techno-economic paradigm and the digitalization of the Russian economy.

Rostec Corporation is a state-owned company that was established in 2007 to facilitate the development, production and export of high-tech industrial products designed for civilian and military applications. It includes over 700 organizations that are currently part of eleven holding companies operating in the military-industrial complex and three holding companies working in civilian industry, as well as over 80 directly managed organizations.

Rostec Corporation’s portfolio includes such well-known brands as Avtovaz, Kamaz, Concern Kalashnikov, Russian Helicopters and UralVagonZavod. Rostec companies are located in 60 constituent entities of the Russian Federation and supply products to the markets of more than 100 countries.

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