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Four other wetlands in India are recognized by the Ramsar Secretariat as Ramsar sites. These sites are Thol and Wadhwana of Gujarat and Sultanpur and Bhindawas of Haryana.
Informing this in a tweet, Union Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav expressed his joy and said that it is Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s special concern for the environment that has led to an overall improvement. of how India takes care of its wetlands.
With this, the number of Ramsar sites in India is 46 and the area covered by these sites is now 1,083,322 hectares.
As Haryana gets its first Ramsar sites, Gujarat gets three more after Nalsarovar which was declared in 2012. The objective of the Ramsar List is to “develop and maintain an international network of wetlands that are important for the conservation of global biological diversity and for maintain human life by maintaining their components, processes and ecosystem benefits ”.
Wetlands provide a wide range of important resources and ecosystem services such as food, water, fiber, groundwater recharge, water purification, flood moderation, erosion control and climate regulation. They are, in fact, a major source of water, and our main source of fresh water comes from a collection of wetlands that help absorb precipitation and recharge groundwater. Bhindawas Wildlife sanctuary, the largest wetland in Haryana is an artificial freshwater wetland.
On 250 species of birds use the sanctuary throughout the year as a place of rest and rest. The site is home to more than ten globally threatened species, including the endangered Egyptian vulture, steppe eagle, Pallas eagle, and black-bellied tern.
Haryana’s Sultanpur National Park is home to over 220 species of residents, winter migrants and local migrants water birds at critical stages of their life cycle. More than ten of them are globally threatened, including the critically endangered sociable lapwing and Egyptian vulture, saker falcon, Pallas’ eagle, and black-bellied tern.
Gujarat’s Lake Thol Wildlife Sanctuary is on the Central Asian Flyway and over 320 species of birds can be found here. The wetland is home to more than 30 endangered aquatic bird species, such as the White-stagnant Sociable vulture and lapwing, and the vulnerable sarus crane, common pochard and pygmy goose.
Wadhvana Gujarat’s wetlands are of international importance for their avifauna, as they provide wintering grounds for migratory waterfowl, including over 80 species who migrate on the Central Asian Flyway. They include threatened or near threatened species such as the endangered Pallas’s eaglefish, the vulnerable pochard and the nearly threatened Dalmatian pelican, gray-headed eagle and rusty duck. The Ministry of the Environment; Forest & Climate Change would work closely with state wetland authorities to ensure the wise use of these sites.